India Republic Day: Google Doodle honoring & Celebrating

India Republic Day: Google Doodle honoring & Celebrating the Constitution

India Republic Day is an annual celebration marking the inception of the Constitution of India on 26 January 1950. This significant day replaced the Government of India Act 1935, signifying India’s transition from a dominion to a republic independent of British rule.

History of Republic Day

India gained independence on 15 August 1947, but it wasn’t until 26 January 1950 that the Constitution came into effect. The drafting process, led by Dr. B R Ambedkar, culminated in the adoption of the Constitution after 166 days of deliberation.

Inauguration and Challenges

On 26 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad assumed the presidency, marking the commencement of the Republic of India. Dr. Ambedkar acknowledged the contradictions in India’s socio-economic structure in his final speech to the Constituent Assembly.

Republic Day Celebrations

The main celebration occurs in New Delhi, featuring parades, cultural dances, and speeches. The eve includes a presidential address to the nation.

Delhi Republic Day Parade

Organized by the Ministry of Defence, this parade showcases India’s defense capability and cultural heritage. The President of India takes the salute as various military regiments and para-military forces participate.

Beating Retreat Ceremony

Held on the evening of 29 January, this ceremony concludes Republic Day festivities. It involves the massed bands of the military, performing at Raisina Hill and Vijay Chowk.

Award Distribution

On the eve of Republic Day, the President distributes Padma Awards in three categories: Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, recognizing exceptional service.

Padma Awards Details

The Padma Awards, while prestigious, do not include cash allowances or special concessions. Recipients receive a certificate and a medallion, with no associated titles or honorifics.

Supreme Court Ruling:

As per a 1995 Supreme Court judgment, awardees cannot use titles or honorifics associated with Padma Awards, and any misuse results in forfeiture.

India Republic Day stands as a testament to the nation’s commitment to democracy and the principles enshrined in its constitution. The celebrations not only honor the past struggles for independence but also reflect on the ongoing journey towards a more equitable society.

India Republic Day Information

AspectDetails
Date26 January
SignificanceInception of the Constitution of India
Constitution Adoption Date26 November 1949
Constitution Effective Date26 January 1950
Independence Date15 August 1947
Drafting CommitteeAppointed on 29 August 1947; Dr. B R Ambedkar as Chairman
CelebrationsParades, holidays in schools, speeches, and cultural dances
Main Celebration LocationNew Delhi, at the Rajpath (Kartavya Path) before the President of India
Beating Retreat DateEvening of 29 January
Padma Awards CategoriesPadma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri

FAQs: India Republic Day: Google Doodle honoring & Celebrating

  1. When did the Constitution of India come into effect?
    • The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950.
  2. What was the significance of 26 January in choosing Republic Day?
    • It was the date in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.
  3. Who led the Drafting Committee for the Indian Constitution?
    • Dr B R Ambedkar chaired the Drafting Committee for the Indian Constitution.
  4. How long did the Constituent Assembly take to adopt the Constitution?
    • The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days over two years, 11 months, and 17 days before adopting the Constitution.
  5. What is the significance of the Beating Retreat ceremony?
    • It denotes the end of Republic Day festivities and is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military.
  6. What awards are distributed by the President on the eve of Republic Day?
    • Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri are distributed as civilian awards.
  7. What is the Supreme Court’s ruling regarding the use of Padma Awards?
    • A 1995 Supreme Court judgment prohibits awardees from using titles or honorifics associated with Padma Awards.
  8. Who takes the salute during the Delhi Republic Day Parade?
    • The President of India, who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute.
  9. What is the duration of the Beating Retreat ceremony after Republic Day?
    • The Beating Retreat ceremony is held on the evening of 29 January, marking the third day after Republic Day.
  10. How many categories of Padma Awards are there, and what do they signify?
    • There are three categories: Padma Vibhushan for exceptional and distinguished service, Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of a high order, and Padma Shri for distinguished service.

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